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COUNTRY PAGE - Thailand

Thailand is the second largest economy in Southeast Asia, where the main industrial outputs are tourism, textiles and garments, and agricultural processing. Thailand’s power sector is mainly centralized with the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT) as the primary authority for generation and transmission. Distribution of electricity is conducted by the Metropolitan Electricity Authority (MEA) and Provincial Electricity Authority (PEA). Power supply is predominately based on fossil-fuels dominated by natural gas. Their current target is to have 37% renewable generation capacity in 2030, which is deemed a challenge due to continual rise in demand.

Population
Population

69.8 Million

GDP
GDP/capita

7200 USD

Target
Net-zero Target

Carbon neutrality: 2050

Climate neutrality: 2065

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Unlike the power sector of other major economies in Southeast Asia (Indonesia, Vietnam, Philippines) that rely heavily on coal for electricity generation, the Thai power sector is dominated by natural gas (54% of generation in 2021). This is mainly due to the availability of the resource and its exploration in the Gulf of Thailand, which has gradually increased since the 1980s. Coal (17%) and imports (16%) however also played an important role in the power supply in 2021. Other renewables, including wind, solar and biomass have increased in recent years and generated 10% of Thailand’s electricity in 2021.

The main share of power is used for the country’s large industry sector (45%), followed by households (29%) and services (22%).

Generation by Fuel
Emissions by Fuel
Demand by Sector

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